Top best ways to prevent pregnancy

way to prevent pregnancy

One of the main problems that can occur to a young couple having sex is an unwanted pregnancy. Although many ways to prevent pregnancy abound and there is a great deal of information on contraceptive methods,Commonly used are the “condom” and the pill methods, so this blog post explores “in depth” on the numerous ways to prevent pregnancy. You may as well consult your family planning doctor if you are worried about not getting pregnant.

1.Withdrawal method

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During intercourse, the man withdraws the penis from the vagina before ejaculating. The man withdraws the penis from the vagina before or when he feels he has reached the point where he can no longer contain ejaculation. The man ejaculates outside the vagina, being very careful that the semen does not have contact with the vulva of his partner. Advantages
– It does not require medicines or devices.
– No cost.
– This method does not present any medical risk.

Disadvantages:
– Does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
– Secretions emitted before ejaculation may contain sperm capable of fertilizing the ovum and causing pregnancy.
– Many men do not know when they are going to ejaculate, can not contain ejaculation, ejaculate too fast or do not comply with their word of not doing so.

2. Using Female condoms

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Polyurethane sheath (plastic) that prevents semen from entering the cervix.

Advantages
-Protects against most sexually transmitted diseases or venereal diseases (vaginitis caused by infections of trichomoniasis, gonorrhea, chlamydia, syphilis, chancroid, HIV).
– It can offer a degree of protection against the human papilloma virus (HPV) that causes genital warts, the herpes simplex virus that causes genital herpes and the Hepatitis B virus.
– No prescription required.
– Fertility returns immediately after discontinuation. It can be inserted up to 8 hours before intercourse.
– Allows women to have control over contraceptive use.
– Any type of lubricant can be used with the female condom, since it is made of plastic and not latex.
– This method does not present any medical risk.

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Disadvantages:
– For some women it can be difficult to place.
– Its cost is higher than the male condom and not so easy to find in pharmacies.
– It can only be used once.
– It can interfere with the sexual act.

How to use female condom:
The condom is placed before any sexual contact. The condom is inserted into the vagina, until it covers the cervix.

3. Use of Male Condoms

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Latex cover that covers the erect penis and prevents semen from entering the vagina.

Advantages

-It is easily acquired, economical, and placed with ease.

-Protects against most sexually transmitted diseases or venereal diseases.
– No prescription required.
– Fertility returns immediately after discontinuation.

Disadvantages:
– It can break, slip, cause mild allergies and in some cases may decrease penile sensitivity.
– It can only be used once.
– It can interfere with the sexual act.

Some people may be allergic to latex and / or spermicides.

Method of use:
1. Put the condom on the tip of the penis and unwrap it along the penis until it reaches the base of the penis.
2. The condom has a right side and a reverse side, only the right side can be unwound. If you put it wrong by the reverse side, discard it and use a new one since the outside of the condom would already have come into contact with the penis.
3. When putting on the condom make sure there is no air trapped in the reservoir at the tip of the condom. To do this leave a small empty space and tighten the tip of the condom with your index finger and thumb. If it is difficult for a man to complete all these steps at the same time, the woman can help by squeezing the tip of the condom to avoid trapped air. 4.Discard it and use a new one since the outside of the condom would have already come into contact with the penis.

4.Diaphragm

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Copper of rigid rubber that is placed directly on the cervix, obstructing the entry of the spermatozoa to the uterus and fallopian tubes. Advantages

-It is inserted easily before intercourse.

Fertility returns immediately after discontinuation.
– The spermicide does not need to be re-applied before repeating intercourse.

It can reduce the incidence of cervical cancer and can protect against STDs: gonorrhea and chlamydiasis.

Disadvantages:
– Requires examination and medical prescription.
– Must be inserted 6 hours before intercourse. It requires careful adjustment. It should be left for 6 to 8 hours after intercourse. Do not leave more than 24-48 hours.
– May cause irritation and urinary tract infections.
– For some women it can be difficult to place. Some people may be allergic to latex and / or spermicides.
– It can interfere with the sexual act.

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Method of use:
1. Apply spermicide into the cervical diaphragm, then place it inside the vagina making sure the cervix is ​​covered.

5.Intrauterine device or IUD

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Small loop or spiral of copper or progesterone that is inserted into the uterus and prevents the implantation of the fertilized egg in the uterine wall and prevents the movement of spermatozoa.

Advantages
-Very effective while staying in place.
– It does not require special care, except to make sure the cord is in place. It does not interfere with the sexual act.
– The copper IUD may remain in place for 10 years, the progesterone IUD must be changed annually.
– Fertility returns immediately after discontinuation.

Disadvantages:
– Must be inserted by a doctor.
– The insertion can be painful, in addition, it can cause possible side effects such as: cramps, pains of back, irregular and painful periods, Pelvic inflammation, inflammation of the cervix, ectopic pregnancies.
– Does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
– It should not be used by women who have never had children or even want to have them, women with allergies to copper, immunological problems, vaginitis, gonorrhea, chlamydiasis, cancer of the uterus or cervix, pelvic inflammation, anemia and those with more than A sexual partner.
– It can be spontaneously expelled by the body.
– The cost is high.

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Method of use:
The IUD must be inserted by a doctor after a medical checkup and usually after the last period.

6. Spermicides

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Chemical substances that are applied in the vagina to prevent the passage of semen and destroy the spermatozoa.

Advantages
– No prescription required.

Easy to apply.

Fertility returns immediately after discontinuation.

Disadvantages:
– Less effective than other methods. They are effective for only one hour.
– They should be applied one hour before intercourse and re-applied before each intercourse.
– May cause irritation.
– Does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
– Possible side effects: vaginal irritation, allergy to spermicides, burning.
– It can interfere with the sexual act.

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Method of use:
Spermicides should be applied one hour before intercourse. You must follow the instructions of the product as the use varies by product and brand.

7.Injections to prevent pregnancy

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Synthetic forms of progesterone that are injected quarterly. They are based on the hormonal suppression of ovulation.

Advantages:
– The first non-surgical method most effective.
– Long lasting effect. Protects against uterine cancer.
– It can reduce cramps and pain related to menstruation.
– Does not interfere with sex.

Disadvantages:
– Does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
– It must be administered by a doctor every three months.
– Its cost is high.
– Fertility tends to return 6 to 24 months after the last injection. – It should not be used by women with breast cancer, liver problems, uterine bleeding, migraine, asthma, epilepsy, diabetes, depression, high blood pressure.
– It produces side effects such as: irregular periods, loss of interest in sex, weight gain, headaches, depression, nervousness, skin irritations, darkening of skin color, increased body hair.
– Side effects when they occur tend to continue to occur until progesterone is removed from the body.
– Never opt for this method if you want to get pregnant in the next 1 to 2 years.

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Method of use:
The doctor gives a shot every three months.

 

8.Tubal ligation

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Surgical operation where the fallopian tubes (ducts that carry the egg to the uterus) are blocked. This prevents sperm from becoming attached to the egg.

Advantages: 

– Cash
– Does not interfere with sex

Disadvantages:
– It is permanent. In some cases the fertility can be restored, however this demands a complicated surgical operation and the results are not always positive. It should only be done when the woman is totally sure of not wanting to have children anymore.
– Does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases. It requires a previous medical checkup and a surgical operation.
– A small percentage of women may suffer from increased pain during periods.

Method of use:
The surgeon cuts and ties the fallopian tubes. It then cauterizes the area using a laparoscope, blocking the tubes. In some cases clips are applied.

10.Natural method

Image result for safe period to avoid pregnancyImage result for safe period to avoid pregnancy

The fertile period is determined by basal temperature, changes in cervical mucus, menstrual calendar and ovulation day. The couple refrains from having relationships during this period.

Advantages: 

– Economical

Disadvantages:
– Does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
– The instructions are complicated and requires that these be followed to the letter.
– Difficult to use in women with irregular period.
– Vaginal infections can affect changes in cervical mucus.
– Some diseases can affect body temperature.

Method of use:
Month to month, a record of basal temperature is maintained, Changes in cervical mucus and menstrual calendar to establish the day of ovulation and fertile period. During this period the couple refrains from having unprotected sex. Usually, the woman’s fertile period is 5 days before and 2 days after ovulation.

11.Pill

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Synthetic forms of progesterone and estrogen (compound pill) or progesterone only (mini-pill).Estrogen prevents ovulation maturation and ovulation.Progesterone causes changes in the uterine endometrium and the consistency of the cervical mucus.

Advantages:
-Constitute one of the most effective methods.
– Easy to get, economical.
– Fertility returns immediately after discontinuation. It reduces the risk of ovarian cancer and uterine cancer, pelvic inflammation, ovarian cysts.
– It can help decrease acne, menstrual bleeding, anemia, menstrual cramps.
– Menstrual periods tend to be more regular.

Disadvantages:
– Must be taken regularly (daily).
– Does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases.
– It should not be used by women with high blood pressure, diabetes, migraines, depression.

They can produce side effects. The common ones are: nausea, breast tenderness, irregular bleeding, weight gain, increased appetite, depression, headaches, skin problems, changes in mood.

Method of use:
The pill is taken for the first time on the first day of menstruation. Using the pill may require the use of a barrier method if you forget to take more than one dose, if you have vomited within 30 minutes of taking it or if you are taking certain antibiotics Or medications, as these may interfere with the effects of the pill.
If you forget to take the pill at the exact time and it is agreed within the same day you must take it immediately.
If for some reason you forget to take the pill one day, you must take two the next day.
As a precaution, whenever you forget to take the pill for one or more days, it is recommended to use a barrier method until the start of the next menstrual cycle.

12. Morning after Pill -Postinor

It is an EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTIVE which can be used when a planned method of contraception fails or has not been used in sexual intercourse after unprotected intercourse.

Advantages:

– It prevents the pregnancy, in a high percentage, if it is taken before 72 hours of having carried out an unprotected intercourse.

Disadvantages:
– Emergency contraception is a method of occasional use and in no case can replace the usual means of contraception.
– It can prevent unwanted pregnancy, but it does not protect against sexually transmitted diseases, including AIDS.

Method of use:
1. Take the pill before 72 hours of sexual intercourse. As you spend more time, it will be less effective.

 

13.VASECTOMY

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Simple surgical operation where the tube (vas deferens) carried to the spermatozoa is cut, tied or cauterized. This prevents sperm from being ejaculated

Advantages:

-Does not interfere with erection or ejaculation.

– No known side effects.
– Does not interfere with sexual intercourse.

Disadvantages:
– It is permanent. In some cases the fertility can be reestablished, however this demands a complicated surgical operation and the results are not always positive.
– Requires a previous medical checkup and a surgical operation. There may be some discomfort or pain during the operation.
– It takes between 15 and 20 post-operation ejaculations with the use of a contraceptive method to eliminate sperm that may have remained in the system.
– There are rare cases where the vas deferens rejoin and a pregnancy can occur.

 

Method of use:
The doctor cuts the vas deferens, which is the tube that carries the sperm from the testicles to the urethra.This tube is tied or cauterized.

 

NOTE:Do not forget that it is as important to prevent pregnancy as to prevent the spread of sexually transmitted diseases. The best form of avoiding pregnancy remains abstinence.

Consult your doctor for the most suitable family planning option for you.

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